Bali. Cerimonial Night

When night falls people from Pengosekan gather at the temple Pura Penataram Dalem to celebrate its anniversary. It’s a sacred and magnificient celebration, called Odalan, wich take place every 210 days. The Pura Dalem is the temple of the dead, where cremation ceremonies are held. But the video shows no funeral on the temple premises, only joy and fun. At the beginning we see the entrance of the Barongs at the campound of the temple. The Barongs are the most sacred criatures on the Balinese mythology. Balinese Barongs come in many forms, but the most common is like a baroque Chinese lion, the Barong Ket, with big eyes and clacking jaws. It is one of the most sacred masks in Bali. Probably every village has at least one. The Barong is accompanied by a Balinese gamelan orchestra. The Barong protects the village from harmful influences. It parades the streets every Galungan festival, dancing in front of houses and shops, warding off evil. The Balinese bow in reverence. It does the same just before Nyepi, the Balinese New Year. Two men are inside: one operates the wooden head and lower movable jaw, and the other holds up the back and arched tail. No special qualifications for the men, but they must belong to the same banjar as the Barong. And the need to be stout as the whole Barong Ket costume weighs about 85 kilos. The front is heavy and the dancer will need to be relieved during long processions.
After the priest blessing the sacred criatures, Barong Macan (Tiger Barong) starts dancing, at 00:56. [From the beginning to the end of Barong Macan Dance the music -playing strings and flutes- is simply wonderful: highly recommended listening with attention]. When Barong dance ends, a man dancing Jauk Manis appears [03:57]. Jauk dance is a classical solo performance expressing the movements of a demon. Jauk is derived from a traditional play in which all the dancers, wearing frightening masks of the raksasa or demon type, recreate episodes from the Kawi versions of the Ramayana and Mahabharata, like the dance Baris. Jauk is considered a difficult dance. The dancer aim is to express the character revealed in the appearance of the mask: strong, powerful personality. Unlike the Baris dancer, a Jauk performer cannot rely on facial expressions to convey feeling. He is obliged to express his demoniac exuberance through his gestures alone. The round, protruding eyes and tentacle like fingernails are the marks of identification for a demon. The Jauk dancers movements closely resemble those of the Baris, but his manner is more exaggerated and violent. Suddenly he lunges, the music becomes frenetic with loud, clashing sounds, he spins to reach the perimeter of the stage: then stops, precise and controlled. Slowly, he retreats, as if preoccupied by dark, treacherous thoughts. When Jauk dance finishes appear on the video two man playing Lawak Bali [07:10], a sort of comedy very appreciated for all audiences. Both adults and children enjoy watching the men acting like clowns. Finally, we see a bit of Barong Ket dance [08:56]. Barong Ket is the most sacred Balinese creature. With a fragment of this dance the video ends. The musicians playing gongs, strings, drums, flutes and xylophon instruments (Gamelan Orchestra) are members of sanggar Çudamani, from the village of Pengosekan. Çudamani Group is one of the most finest and prestigious artistic ensembles in Bali. Enjoy the images and have fun.

Teruna Jaya

Teruna Jaya (Victorious Youth) is one of the most reputable dances in the Balinese repertory. Teruna Jaya was conceived to be played by a female dancer, though in this video is played by I Dewa Nyoman Wirawan, a male artist from Pengosekan, the southern part of Ubud. I Dewa Nyoman Wirawan (aka Unyil) is one of the greatest dancers in Bali. He has performed abroad several times. Dewa is very loved in Japan, country which visits often to show his art. Teruna Jaya is an energic dance, it demands a lot of spirit from the dancer. Dewa does it. In that video we can see the full length of the dance. It is perform at the stage (wantilan) of ARMA (Agung Rai Museum of Art), in Padangtegal, on the skirts of Ubud. One of the musicians playing at the gamelan orchestra is the father of the dancer. From minute 07:19 to 07:36 we can recognize him perfectly. Is the tallest musician on the right side hand. He wears moustache.

Teruna Jaya (Joventut Victoriosa) és una de les danses més acreditades del repertori balinès. Fou concebuda per ser interpretada per una noia, però en aquest cas qui balla és I Dewa Nyoman Wirawan, un jove que va néixer i viu a Pengosekan, vilatge al sud d’Ubud. En aquests moments, Dewa (també conegut com Unyil) és un dels millors ballarins balinesos. Teruna Jaya exigeix molta energia. Dewa és la persona idònia per a ballar-la, té el tremp d’un noi i la gràcia d’una noia. Viatja sovint a l’estranger a ballar dansa tradicional balinesa. On va més sovint és al Japó. Els amants japonesos de la dansa balinesa l’adoren. El vídeo ofereix la versió sencera de Teruna Jaya. I Dewa Nyoman Wirawan balla aquesta esplèndida versió de Teruna Jaya al wantilan (escenari) del museu ARMA (Agung Rai Museum of Art). Un dels músics de l’orquestra de gamelan és el pare del ballarí. Toca al grup d’instruments de la dreta, és un dels homes del mig. Se’l pot identificar perfectament del minut 07:19 al 07:35. És el músic més alt. Porta bigoti.

Descripció tècnica: Vídeo enregistrat amb càmera digital compacta Sony DSCP200. Gravació sense trípode.